U.S. Showdown Bites Manufacturers Layoffs and Production Disruptions Loom at Firms Tied to U.S. Federal Government Shutdown Hits Military Contractors, Suppliers
The partial shutdown of the federal government is leading to layoffs and production disruptions at defense contractors and some manufacturing companies.
The National Retail Federation, an industry trade group, came out with its annual holiday forecast Thursday, predicting sales will grow by a middling 3.9% from the year before to $602.1 billion. Early forecasts are sometimes off the mark, and the industry group warned the results could be worse if Washington doesn’t resolve debates over the budget and raising the debt ceiling.
Holiday sales rose by 3.5% in 2012, falling short of NRF’s initial forecast of 4.1% growth.
Employers announced 40,289 layoffs last month, down from 50,462 in August, according to the report from consultants Challenger, Gray & Christmas, Inc.
Still, the September job cuts were up 19 percent from the same month last year. For 2013 so far, employers have announced 387,384 losses, close to the 386,000 seen in the first nine months of last year.
The healthcare sector saw the biggest layoffs, with plans to cut 8,128 employees as health companies faced lower government payments, up from 3,163 in August.
The financial sector saw the next largest number of planned job cuts, with 6,932 in September compared with 3,096 a month earlier.
The non-manufacturing purchasing managers’ index rose to 55.4 in September from 53.9 in August, the Beijing-based National Bureau of Statistics and Federation of Logistics and Purchasing said today.
The federation said a gauge of new orders jumped, retail spending grew strongly and a logistics industry index rose.
Italian Prime Minister Enrico Letta won the fight to keep his government alive Wednesday. But the bigger battle will be to revive a sclerotic economy that is emerging as a major threat to the euro-zone recovery.
After days of political chaos, Mr. Letta won confidence votes in both houses of parliament when conservative leader Silvio Berlusconi at the last minute abandoned his bid to topple the government. But the near-death of the coalition, just five months after its formation, illustrates the challenges of pursuing an ambitious economic overhaul amid a fragmented and quarrelsome political scene. (…)
“The Italian political system is preoccupied with itself, it has no time for the country,” says a senior European policy maker. (…)
But don’t worry, Mario Draghi will do “whatever it takes” whatever mess they make!
The stakes are high. Italy’s sheer size, dysfunctional politics and faltering economy are a bigger headache for Europe’s crisis managers than even Greece, which represents only 2% of the euro-zone economy, compared with Italy’s 16%.
And the country’s €2 trillion ($2.7 trillion) public debt makes it too big for Europe’s bailout funds to rescue, should Italy ever lose access to bond markets. (…)
Italian GDP is now 9% smaller than at its precrisis peak in late 2007—a worse performance than Spain or Portugal, and second only to Greece for lost economic output.
Large chunks of Italy’s manufacturing base—the second-largest in Europe after Germany—are in distress. Many of Italy’s signature industries, such as steel, white-goods manufacturing and textiles, are in deep distress. (…)
Italian labor costs today are 30% higher than in Spain, while productivity is 6% lower. So car companies such as Renault and Ford are moving production to Spain. In Greece, costs have fallen so sharply that Unilever has begun producing a new line of low-cost products there for the Greek market. (…)
Over the last five years, Italy attracted an average of just $12 billion of foreign investment a year, compared with $37 billion for France and $66 billion for the U.K.
The European Union’s official statistics agency Thursday said sales volumes rose by 0.7% from July, although they were still 0.3% lower than in August 2012.
The figures for July were also revised higher, with Eurostat now estimating that sales volumes rose by 0.5%, having previously calculated they increased by 0.1%.
The details are not as positive. Core sales volume rose 0.6% MoM in August after dropping 0.1% and 0.8% in the previous two months, leaving core volume down 0.3% between June and August, much weaker than during the March-May period when core sales rose 1.1%.
To repeat Markit’s Eurozone Retail PMI for September:
Retail PMI® data from Markit showed a renewed decline in eurozone retail sales in September. The Markit Eurozone Retail PMI eased below neutrality to 48.6, having signalled the first increase in sales in nearly two years in August.
Large enclosed malls are recovering from the downturn faster than strip shopping centers, a sign that malls are being hurt less by online retailing.
The vacancy rate of U.S. malls in the third quarter declined to 8.2% from 8.3% in the second quarter, according to new statistics released by Reis Inc., a real-estate data firm. Mall vacancy was 8.7% in the third quarter of 2012, said Reis, which tracks the top 77 markets in the U.S.
But the improvement hasn’t been as strong with shopping centers—typically open-air retail strips that face parking lots. The average national vacancy rate for neighborhood and community shopping centers held steady in the third quarter at 10.5% from the previous quarter, down from 10.8% in the third quarter of last year.
The national average asking rent at shopping centers was $19.25 per square foot, up just 1.5% from the recession low of $18.97 in 2011. The average asking rent for malls in the largest 77 U.S. markets rose to $39.77 per square foot in the third quarter, up 1.4% from the same quarter last year, according to Reis Inc.
(…) Mall vacancy rates are now falling partly because there has been little to no new mall development since 2006, Mr. Calanog said. (…)
Reis reported that the office vacancy rate declined to 16.9% in Q3 from 17.0% in Q2. This is down from 17.2% in Q3 2012, and down from the cycle peak of 17.6%.
From Reis Senior Economist Ryan Severino:
Vacancies declined by 10 basis points during the third quarter to 16.9%. This is a marginal improvement after last quarter when the vacancy rate did not change. However, since the market began to recover in mid‐2011, the vacancy rate has been unable to decline by more than 10 basis points in any given quarter. While this is technically an improvement versus last quarter, it is nonetheless a weak result. On a year‐over‐year basis, the vacancy rate fell by just 30 basis points, in line with last quarter’s year‐over‐year decline.
On new construction:
Occupied stock increased by 6.652 million SF in the third quarter. … On the construction side, this quarter 4.099 million SF were completed, down from last quarter’s mini‐spike of 8.049 million SF. While last quarter’s bump in construction activity appears to be an aberration, construction activity for office has been slowly if inconsistently trending upward. Year‐to‐date, the market has developed 15.161 million SF. This is almost double the 8.820 million SF that were constructed through the third quarter of last year.
Asking and effective rents both grew by 0.3% during the third quarter. This marks the third consecutive quarter in a row with slowing asking and effective rent growth. Though in reality, rental growth rates are so low that the quarter‐to‐quarter differences are rather minor and could simply be idiosyncratic. Nonetheless, asking and effective rents have now risen for twelve consecutive quarters. Yet, the simple truth is that with vacancy remaining elevated at 16.9%, it is far too high to be conducive to much rent growth. At that level of vacancy, landlords have little leverage to either increase face level asking rents or to remove concessions from leases. A meaningful acceleration in rent growth will not be possible until vacancy falls to pre‐recessionary levels.
The U.S. is overtaking Russia as the world’s largest producer of oil and natural gas, a startling shift that is reshaping markets and eroding the clout of traditional energy-rich nations.
The U.S. produced the equivalent of about 22 million barrels a day of oil, natural gas and related fuels in July, according to figures from the EIA and the International Energy Agency. Neither agency has data for Russia’s gas output this year, but Moscow’s forecast for 2013 oil-and-gas production works out to about 21.8 million barrels a day.
U.S. imports of natural gas and crude oil have fallen 32% and 15%, respectively, in the past five years, narrowing the U.S. trade deficit. (…)
The U.S. last year tapped more natural gas than Russia for the first time since 1982, according to data from the International Energy Agency. Russia produced an average of 10.8 million barrels of oil and related fuel a day in the first half of this year. That was about 900,000 barrels a day more than the U.S.—but down from a gap of three million barrels a day a few years ago, according to the IEA. (…)
Saudi Arabia remains the world’s largest supplier of crude oil and related liquids. As of July, Saudi Arabia was pumping 11.7 million barrels a day, according to the IEA. Russia was second, at 10.8 million barrels, while the U.S. was third, at 10.3 million. (…)
U.S. energy producers also are drilling more efficiently and cutting costs in other ways. Some companies have said that the amount of oil and gas produced by shale wells isn’t dropping as fast as predicted.
Ken Hersh, chief executive of NGP Energy Capital Management LLC, a private-equity fund with $13 billion under management, said the immense amounts of oil and gas uncovered in recent years indicate that the U.S. energy boom could last a long time.
“It is not a supply question anymore,” he said. “It is about demand and the cost of production. Those are the two drivers.” (Chart from Ed Yardeni)
One factor S&P Dow Jones indices uses in their stock classifications is an Earnings and Dividend Quality Ranking measurement. The basis for this measurement is to provide investors with a ranking that S&P evaluates based on a company’s stability of earnings and dividend over time. The highest ranking is A and the lowest is D (a company in reorganization).
With this as background S&P has constructed indices based on these rankings. The S&P 500 High Quality Rankings Index consists of stocks with a ranking of A and better. The S&P 500 Low Quality Rankings Index consists of stocks with a ranking of B or lower. The high quality index has a larger weighting in sectors like consumer staples that tend to hold up better in a more defensive or “risk off” market. As the below table shows, this year, the low quality index has outperformed the high quality index by a wide margin.
This pattern of the “risk on” and more cyclical stocks outperforming has continued in the the second half of September, in spite of a down equity market.
(…) One characteristic of lower quality stocks is many of them do not pay a dividend. True to form, through the end of the third quarter, the non dividend paying stocks in the S&P 500 Index are outperforming the payers by a wide margin. The return comparison is detailed in the below table.
Hmmm…Remember, the cream always ends up at the top.
(…) In recent weeks, both Warren Buffett and Carl Icahn warned stocks aren’t cheap. Others are urging investors to move cautiously.
“The opportunity sets aren’t as robust and the margins of safety are smaller,” said David Perkins, who oversees the $1 billion Weitz Value fund at Weitz Investment Management, an Omaha, Neb., value-oriented fund manager that oversees $5 billion.
Mr. Perkins says the firm’s internal readings on the stocks they follow are at their most expensive levels since 2006. He is holding more cash as a result.
- Where’s the buying power? (From Short Side of Long)
- It’s right here, sir!
“Character” (Jeffrey Saut, Chief Investment Strategist, Raymond James)
“The true prophet is not he who predicts the future, but he who reads history and reveals the present.”
… Eric Hoffer, American moral and social philosopher
I could almost hear my history teacher espousing Eric Hoffer’s words last week as I was asked by a particularly prescient media type if trust and character would really command a “premium” price/earnings multiple for the stock market? My response was “of course,” and as an example I referred him to a quote from John Pierpont Morgan, who built his family’s fortunes into a colossal financial empire. The referenced verbal exchange took place when an aging J.P. Morgan testified before a House of Representatives’ committee investigating the financial interests of the “House of Morgan.” A tough lawyer named Samuel Untermyer queried him. The conversation went like this:
Untermyer: “Is not commercial credit based primarily upon money or property?”
Morgan: “No sir, the first thing is character.”
Untermyer: “Before money or property?”
Morgan: “Before money or property or anything else. Money cannot buy it … because a man I do not trust could not get money from me on all the bonds in Christendom.”
While Morgan’s language is from an era gone by, the essential insight is as clear today as it was decades ago. I recalled the Morgan/Untermyer exchange as I read Friday’s Wall Street Journal, in particular, “Robbery at J.P Morgan.” The article began, “Government lawyers are backing up the truck again at J.P Morgan Chase (JPM/$52.24/Strong Buy) to extract another haul from the country’s largest bank.” Recall that JPM is one bank that did not need taxpayer assistance during the financial fiasco of 2008, or ever since.
To me that speaks volumes about the character of JPM’s CEO, Jamie Dimon. This lack of government dependence, combined with Mr. Dimon’s remarks about how the Dodd-Frank financial reform act is hurting the economy, is likely what put Mr. Dimon in the government’s crosshairs. This also explains why the government is beating up on JPM again over the “London Whale’s” $6 billion trading loss, even though there were NO public costs.
The irony is that Jamie Dimon is one of the few bank CEOs who avoided the credit excesses. He also, at the pleading of the government, rescued Bear Stearns and Washington Mutual (WaMu). Then-FDIC Chairperson Shelia Bair said, “[The WaMu situation] could have posed significant challenges without a ready buyer. … Some are coming to Washington for help; others are coming to Washington to help.” Now it appears Washington is suing JPM for helping.
I have no doubt about Jamie Dimon’s character. I do, however, doubt the character of some of the folks inside the D.C. Beltway, on both sides of the political equation, who are about to close down the government.
Compare the US health system to those of the other large high-income countries. The US spends 18 per cent of its gross domestic product on health against 12 per cent in the next highest spender, France. The US public sector spends a higher share of GDP than those of Italy, the UK, Japan and Canada, though many people are left uncovered. US spending per head is almost 100 per cent more than in Canada and 150 per cent more than in the UK. What does the US get in return? Life expectancy at birth is the lowest of these countries, while infant mortality is the highest. Potential years of life lost by people under the age of 70 are also far higher. For males this must be partly due to violent deaths. But it is also true for women. (FT’s Martin Wolf)